With time drill drivers have advanced. First, we saw a corded drill driver or electric drill driver. These were typically a drill with a cord and a pistol grip. With time corded drill drivers got better. The motor became more efficient. The recoil was less. Corded drill drivers became more efficient to drill through various surfaces.
With time the drill driver lost its cord. The advancements in the 21st century were such that drill drivers didn’t need any electrical power source. Thus, as a result, the cordless drill driver was introduced. A cordless drill is an electric drill.
Unlike a drill driver, it uses rechargeable batteries as a power source. It has a similar feature to that of an AC-mains powered drill. Cordless drill driver can do everything from drilling, driving, sanding, and buffing without the hassle of a cord. It’s more efficient and convenient than the drill drivers.
Want to know more about the features and working of cordless drill driver. Here’s everything you need to know about the cordless drill driver. Here you’ll also learn to use a cordless drill driver for any of your house maintaining work.
Begin with the Basics
Cordless drill driver has a forward and reverses settings with a variable speed trigger. The more pressure you put on the trigger, the faster it spins. It features a clutch that helps hold onto when making a drill or driving nuts, bolts, or screws.
On top of the cordless drill, there’s a high and low setting switch. The high and low setting switch allows the drilling and driving of the cordless drill. High speed is for drilling, whereas the low speed is for driving.
The chuck of the drill is the piece that holds the bits in place. Most cordless drills have a 3/8-inch chuck. Some cordless drill drivers have a quarter or a half-inch of a chuck. But the chuck size of 3/8 inch is more common and preferred. Chuck handles accessories and a shank. Shank is an extra portion added to the bit which is secured by the chuck.
There two types of shanks, typically, rounded and hex-shaped (hexagonal). Corded drill drivers use a round-shaped shank. Different shanks have different diameters. The largest one is 3/8-inch, which's perfect for using with the cordless drill drivers.
A cordless drill driver comes with a charger and a battery. Most of the cordless drills use either lithium-ion batteries or Nickel-Cadmium batteries. Li-battery is the choice of battery for cordless drill driver. Lithium-ion batteries for cordless drill drivers provide a high energy density. The discharge is quite slow and has low maintenance.
The battery volt ranges from 8-volts to 60-volts. 12 and 12-volts are the most common options for cordless drill driver batteries. Larger the battery volt, more your cordless drill can perform heavy-duty work. Increase the volt of the cordless driver; you’ll be able to drill larger and deeper holes. You’ll easily fasten, unscrew, or tighten big nuts and volts.
What You Should Know Before Buying a Cordless Drill Driver
Different cordless drill drivers have more or less the same function. But the features like power, speed, and chuck differ. You must know what specifications suit you according to your use. Before buying a cordless drill driver, you need to go through the cordless drill buying guide.
By now, you know the range of battery volt cordless drills has. It’s best to go for 12 volts or 18 volts of power in the cordless drill. But if you don’t use a cordless drill for heavy work, 8 volt is perfectly fine for home use.
Some cordless drills have multiple options for speed. High speed is for drilling and low is for driving. The best cordless drills offer a good range of speed is for multipurpose use. However, if the main use of your cordless drill is to drill holes, then a single-speed drill with 1000rpm range is perfect for you.
The clutch of your cordless drill driver will react to resistance. It protects against stripping screws and driving screws too deep. Most cordless drill drivers do not come with an adjustable clutch, which is an extra feature to a cordless drill. But if you use a cordless drill often or for heavy work you need an adjustable clutch in it.
Chuck for drill drivers come in 1/4inch, 1/2inch, and 3/8 inch sizes. A3/8 inch chuck is more preferred and common. It provides versatility for use with both fine and heavy bits. Most shanks also feature a 3/8 inch of the chuck. 1/2 inch of Chuck also works fine for heavy-duty applications.
Cordless drills now come with a keyless drill chuck. This allows drills and bits to fit into the check without tightening with a key easily.
The reverse function of cordless drill allows easy screw removal. It is very handy when you have cabinets or furniture pieces to dismantle. Your cordless drill driver must have a forward-reverse switch.
How to Use a Cordless Drill Driver
Here’s your guide to using a cordless drill driver. Before you begin working with it, you must manage its setting and make adjustments for better performance.
Cordless drill drivers come with a gear shift lever. It allows you to set the high speed and high torque. With a high torque, you get better grip and control over the cordless drill driver. The forward-reverse lever changes the direction of the rotation of the bit.
The adjustable clutch makes torque control even better. It allows you to tune out how much power the drill pulls out. Adjust the variable speed trigger to control how fast the drill bit works.
Place the bit into the chuck and use the key to tighten it. You need to then rotate the collar in the counterclockwise direction. If you have a keyless chuck, insert the bit and turn the chuck counterclockwise to tighten the bit.
Now you need to adjust the gear shifter to the highest speed. If you have an adjustable clutch, then set it to a drilling position. Bring the forward-reverse lever to the front side, and you're all set to drill.
Situate the drill on the surface where you need to make the whole. Before you begin, check the built-in level of your cordless drill driver. Pull the trigger gently and start drilling the hole. Raise the speed gradually as you drill more. When you’ve made a hole, remove the drill away. Release the trigger of the cordless drill once you are finished.
Adjust the gear shifter to an elevated torque position. For easy and smooth driving, set the clutch to the desired torque according to your task. You’ll need to experiment to find the right setting. Start with a setting that isn’t too high. Keep on increasing the torque until you find a perfect setting that potentially drives the screw in the right depth.
Changing the Cordless Drill Bit
You must know that the church has three jaws. When you rotate the chuck, the jaws are either opened or closed. Check that when you insert the bit, it should be in the center to all the three jacks.
You need to be careful when using smaller bits. If the bit isn’t properly positioned it bits can get stuck between any two of the jaws. As a result, you won’t be able to make a drill.
Uses of Cordless Drill Driver
Cordless drill drivers are a must-have in every household. This tool provides versatility in several applications. The following are the typical uses for a cordless drill driver.
- It drives, tightens and helps you loosen screws, bolts, and nuts from all light weighted and a variety of heavy weighted surfaces.
- It can easily drill through a variety of surfaces
- It is efficient in creating several types of joints
You must know the common applications of the cordless drill driver. It includes making a hole in the wall for the hanging frame and picture. It is used to drill holes in the wall for electrical works as well. Fixing and dismantling cupboards or cabinets also require cordless drill driver.
The cordless drill driver is suitable for driving nuts, bolts, and screws for various purposes. It’s a must for fixing boards and shelves. Cordless drivers can also work well in place of screwdrivers.
Other than the basic house repair works, you can use a cordless drill for DIY purposes too. It is best to light-weighted material and is perfect for DIY projects as well.